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Dr. Harriette Kaley Poster Collection

 Collection
Identifier: PC 3
Dr. Harriette Kaley’s collection of posters is vast in topics and content. Subject matters include sporting events (L’eggs Mini Marathon, Olympics, NYC Marathon), gallery openings (Pre-Raphaelites in Oxford, Ad Reinhardt, Manny Farber), travel destinations (Japan, Italy, France), and various other cultural events (Princeton Summer Theater, Expo 1967, Israel Philharmonic). It is safe to assume that Dr. Kaley collected posters from significant occasions she attended throughout her adult life. Posters pertained to functions in places worldwide with a notable collection pertaining to Italy.

Dates

  • 1965 - 2007
  • Majority of material found within 1974 - 1997

Conditions Governing Access

There are no access restrictions on this collection. Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied or photographed without permission from library staff.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

Extent

3 Linear Feet (1 oversized map folder)

Overview

A collection of over 40 posters accumulated by the donor from various international and domestic events and subject matters.

Biographical / Historical

Posters have long promoted the agendas and ideas of individuals. In 1798, Aloïs Senefelder of Bohemia, Germany invented the lithograph. This machine enabled those interested to print materials with greater ease as well as being faster and cheaper than previous alternatives. Jules Chéret of Paris, France innovated upon Senefelder’s invention in 1860. Prints could now be made while showcasing multiple colors. Upon this discovery, Chéret began to produce works of art, posting them against the drab walls of Paris. Contrasted by the neutral toned buildings, the color was rather obvious. Other artists joined Chéret in poster art. Soon posters were being used as means of advertisement. Posters were so prevalent in France that an ordinance was approved in 1881 requiring stamps of approval before they could be posted. Also, a fee was charged based on the size of the poster. This act led to their standardization. In turn, they began to be recognized by museums and galleries as legitimate forms of art. Over time the styles of posters mirrored the current art trends. These methods included Art Nouveau and Dada. In the end the official protocol was simple and clear designs. These proved to be most effective in representing the message of the poster. Various governments used posters as propaganda throughout times of war, and this was especially apparent during World War I. Leaders sought to raise funds, recruit soldiers, and conserve resources. Tourism became another outlet for posters. Film posters followed in Russia and the Netherlands. With the introduction of television the demand for posters decreased, however they made a comeback in the 1960’s amid the Vietnam War and the new interest in pop music.

Italy’s poster market began with the formation of the Italian State Railway in 1905. The Railway spanned 9,000 miles and connected nearly all of Italy. Posters were a key tool in promoting Italian tourism, a source of income for the government. They often aesthetically portrayed a travel destination. Following the tremendous losses of World War I, the Italian government increased tourism efforts to secure more income. In 1918, King Vittorio Emanuele III established the

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dr. Harriette Kaley, March 2009 and May 2019

Bibliography

Barnicoat, John. Posters: a Concise History. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1985. Print.
Bestley, R. and Noble, I. Up Against the Wall: International Poster Design. Mies: RotoVision, 2002. Print
Hutchison, Harold Frederick. The Poster: An Illustrated History from 1860. New York: Viking Press, 1968. Print.
Muller-Brockmann, Josef. History of the Poster. London, New York: Phaidon Press, 2004. Print.
Ottaviani, Lorenzo. Travel Italia: The Golden Age of Italian Travel Posters. New York: Abrams, 2007. Print

Processing Information

Processed by Caly McCarthy, June-July 2010; Nadine Sergejeff, May 2019
Author
Caly McCarthy and Nadine Sergejeff
Date
2010; 2019

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections, Newark Public Library Repository

Contact:
5 Washington Street
PO Box 630
Newark NJ 07102 USA
973-733-7745