Daniel Sutherland Anthony Papers
Scope and Contents
The collection can be divided into three segments: the period 1942-1945, U.S. Department of War; 1946-
1948, Muncie (Indiana) Community Discussion Council; and 1952-1963, Newark (New Jersey) Human
The first portion of the collection relates to the U.S. Department of War and outlines the army's counselor training program. Included are histories of how the program was initially developed. There is a great deal of material pertaining to the personal service records of Mr. Anthony.
The second portion contains the records of the National Institute of Social Relations, Inc. They basically relate to the activities of the Muncie Community Discussion Council in the period when Mr. Anthony was director. Important material exists relating to racial and ethnic discrimination, Red-baiting and anticommunist activity. This material is valuable as it reflects the thinking of a mid-western community in the United States in the period following the end of World War II, as the black civil rights movement got underway and the world power struggle between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. threatened renewed warfare.
The most important portion of the third segment on the Newark Human Rights Commission 1952-1963 relates to the conflict at the onset of the Addonizio administration between the mayor, certain members of his staff, and Commission director Anthony, on matters of policy. There is important material relating to matters regarding a civilian review board, police brutality and minority hiring in the building trade unions. Certain materials cover the development of the commission in the early 1950's when it was called the Mayor's Commission on Group Relations. Other items included Mr. Anthony's activities at Rutgers University in the area of human relations and urban renewal and his work in handwriting analysis.
- 1942 - 1976
- Anthony, Daniel S. (Person)
Conditions Governing Use
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
Biographical / Historical
Daniel Sutherland Anthony was born in Easton, Pennsylvania, on November 30, 1912. He completed high
school in 1930, attended Mercersburg Academy (Mercersburg, Penn.) in 1931 and was graduated from
Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island in 1935. He was employed in private industry, working in
the areas of personnel and sales supervision until the United States entry into World War II in 1941.
Upon entering the U.S. Army in 1942, Mr. Anthony was assigned to the Adjutant General’s School. There he became an instructor in the training of military personnel by counseling incoming inductees. The task was to assay the capabilities of the inductee in order to more efficiently place the person properly within the military’s vast organization. By 1943, the War Department, aware of the forthcoming need to reorient millions of military personnel to peacetime pursuits upon cessation of hostilities, established a separation system for this purpose. In 1945, Daniel S. Anthony was appointed director of the Training Department at the Separation Center located at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland.
In 1946, following his own separation from military service, Daniel S. Anthony went to work for the National Institute of Social Relations Inc. in Washington, D.C. The Institute, established in February of that year, was concerned about the social problems in America and their impact on the American democratic structure. It was thought that a way to strengthen democratic values and arrest the growth of social ills could be aided by the establishment of local community groups, composed of residents where problems could be resolved through discussion. Daniel S. Anthony was assigned to be director of the newly established center in Muncie, Indiana. He remained there for two years.
During this period he attended Ball State Teachers College, taking graduate courses in clinical psychology, counseling, and counseling practicum. In 1953 he came to Newark, New Jersey as executive director of the newly established Mayor's Commission on Group Relations. This organization had been established in October of that year. He was to remain at this post until he resigned in 1963. This came about due to differences with the mayor, Hugh Addonizio, and members of his staff over policy. The commission at Newark was the first permanent civil rights commission in New Jersey. Earlier, after coming to New Jersey, Mr. Anthony had served as Regional Director of the National Conference of Christians and Jews. During this time he experimented with new psychological techniques for reducing prejudice and discrimination in individuals and groups. He organized the Rutgers Workshop in Human Relations for Community Leadership, which he directed for three years.
From 1954 through 1958, Mr. Anthony taught a course in Leadership Development and Community Organization for Better Human Relations at the New School for Social Research in New York City. In 1961 he became a recipient of a Ford Foundation Grant that made him a fellow at the newly established Urban Studies Center at Rutgers University. Since his departure from Newark Mr. Anthony continued his interest in graphology, teaching courses on the psychology of handwriting at the New School. He has also acted as a management consultant to business and industry, handwriting analysis to the New Jersey Courts and as a documents expert to the legal profession. Daniel S. Anthony retired in 1980.
.96 Linear Feet (3 Hollinger boxes)
Language of Materials
This collection consists of the administrative records and correspondence of Daniel S. Anthony pertaining to his work with the U.S. Department of War, the Muncie Community Discussion Council, and the Newark Human Rights Commission.
- Anthony, Daniel S.
- Civil rights workers
- Letters (correspondence)
- Minorities -- Employment -- New Jersey -- Newark
- Newark (N.J.) -- History -- 20th century
- Newark (N.J.) -- Politics and government -- 20th century
- Newark Human Rights Commission
- Papers (documents)
- Police Brutality -- New Jersey -- Newark
- James Osbourn
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
Part of the Charles F. Cummings New Jersey Information Center, Newark Public Library Repository
Newark Public Library
5 Washington St.
Newark NJ 07102 United States